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Blue Spiders: 19 Astonishing Species (Photos Included)

Blue Spiders: 19 Astonishing Species (Photos Included)

Blue spiders, with their rare and mesmerizing hues, stand as a testament to nature’s artistic palette. Recently, the discovery of a new blue tarantula species in Thailand has captivated the attention of arachnid enthusiasts and researchers alike.

This discovery not only adds to the allure of these fascinating creatures but also underscores the endless mysteries that the world of spiders holds.

Discoveries and Species

In the lush landscapes of Thailand, a new species of tarantula has emerged, painting a new stroke in the canvas of arachnid diversity. The Chilobrachys natanicharum is not just another addition to the spider family; it’s a vibrant testament to the unexplored wonders of the natural world.

Chilobrachys natanicharum

CREDIT: Yuranan Nanthaisong/ZooKeys. Yuranan Nanthaisong/ZooKeys

This species, with its striking blue-violet hue, mirrors the color of electrical sparks, a rarity in the realm of spiders. The discovery of Chilobrachys natanicharum is not just a mere scientific finding; it’s a window into the evolutionary marvels and the adaptability of arachnids.

Diverse Species of Blue Spiders

The world of blue spiders is as diverse as it is fascinating. Some of the most well-known are the Brazilian Blue Spider, the Peacock Blue Tarantula, and the Cobalt Blue Tarantula; each species boasts its own unique patterns and characteristics.

  • Brazilian Blue Spider (Pterinopelma sazimai): Native to Brazil, this species is known for its vibrant blue color and red hairs on the abdomen, making it a visual spectacle.
  • Peacock Blue Tarantula (Poecilotheria metallica): This species, hailing from India, is renowned for its intricate fractal patterns and stunning blue hue.
  • Cobalt Blue Tarantula (Cyriopagopus lividus): Found in Southeast Asia, this tarantula is a shy creature, spending most of its time in burrows. Its bright blue legs are a sight to behold.

Now that we have covered the most well-known blue spiders, let’s jump into our full list of 19 spider species!

The Spectrum of 19 Blue Spider Species

This section unveils the diverse array of blue spiders, each adorned with unique shades of blue that captivate and intrigue.

cobalt blue tarantula

Image credit: RushenbDerived: Peter Coxhead

1. Cobalt Blue Tarantula

(Cyriopagopus lividus) This Southeast Asian tarantula is known for its vivid blue legs and aggressive nature. It prefers to live in deep burrows in tropical rainforests and is nocturnal.

  • Lifespan: Females up to 12 years, Males shorter
  • Size: Leg span up to 5 inches
Green Bottle Blue Tarantula

2. Greenbottle Blue Tarantula

(Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens) Native to the Paraguaná Peninsula, Venezuela, this species is renowned for its striking blue and green coloration. It’s unique for its extensive webbing in shrubs and trees.

  • Lifespan: Females up to 14 years, Males less
  • Size: Leg span about 5-6 inches
Pterinopelma sazimai

Image credit: Dododotzler – Own work, CC By 4.0

3. Brazilian Blue Tarantula

(Pterinopelma sazimai) Found in the Chapada Diamantina region in Brazil, this spider is notable for its bright blue body and red hairs on the abdomen. It’s a terrestrial species that prefers rocky outcrops. Image credit: Dododotzler – Own work

  • Lifespan: Around 8-12 years
  • Size: Leg span up to 6 inches

Image credit: Micha L. Rieser, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org

4. Peacock Tarantula

(Poecilotheria metallic) Endemic to a small area in Andhra Pradesh, India, this critically endangered species is known for its vibrant blue color and intricate patterns. It’s arboreal, living in holes of tall trees.

  • Lifespan: Females up to 12 years, Males less
  • Size: Leg span up to 8 inches
Golden Blue-Legged Baboon Spider

Image credit: The LionHeart Experience – Own work, CC BY 4.0

5. Golden Blue-Legged Baboon Spider

(Harpactira pulchripes) Distinguished by its metallic blue legs, a striking color that extends from the tarsus to the trochanter, where it transitions into a vivid orange or yellow hue. This visually arresting spider is native to South Africa.

  • Lifespan: Females live to around 12 years, while males only live to 2 to 3 years
  • Size: Leg span up to 5.5 inches
blue fang skeleton tarantula

6. Blue Fang Skeleton Tarantula

(Ephebopus cyanognathus) This species from French Guiana is known for its striking blue fangs and unique skeleton-like patterns on its legs. It’s a burrowing spider, creating deep tunnels in the ground.

  • Lifespan: Females up to 12 years, Males less
  • Size: Leg span about 4-5 inches
chilobrachys electric blue

7. Electric Blue Tarantula

(Chilobrachys electric blue) Found in Southeast Asia, particularly in Cambodia, this species is known for its bright blue coloration. It’s a burrowing spider, living in deep, silk-lined tunnels.

  • Lifespan: Not well documented
  • Size: Leg span about 5-6 inches

Image credit: Mothore – Own work, CC BY 3.0

8. Singapore Blue

(Lampropelma violaceous) Native to Singapore and Malaysia, this tarantula is known for its striking blue legs. It’s arboreal, living in tall trees, and known for its defensive behavior.

  • Lifespan: Females up to 12 years, Males less
  • Size: Leg span up to 9 inches

9. Blue Bloom Birdeater

(Pamphobeteus nigricolor) Found in the rainforests of Colombia, this large tarantula is known for its blue-hued hair. It’s a ground-dwelling species, often found in burrows or under logs.

  • Lifespan: Females up to 15 years, Males less
  • Size: Leg span up to 7 inches
Dolichothele diamantinensis

10. Brazilian blue dwarf beauty tarantula

(Dolichothele diamantinensis) This tarantula species is aptly named for its native habitat in Brazil. It boasts a carapace with hues of blueish-green, complemented by a blue opisthosoma adorned with long, reddish hairs. The legs are a vivid blue, covered in fine white hairs, adding to its striking appearance.

  • Lifespan: Females live 12 to 15 years, while males only live to 3
  • size: Not well documented

11. Blue Baboon Tarantula

(Monocentropus balfouri) Found on Socotra Island, hence the common name. This tarantula is terrestrial and an opportunistic borrower. The adult coloration is striking, a vivid blue, though some red and amber variants have been seen very rarely.

  • Lifespan: Females live to about 10 to 14 years of age, while males tend to live for about 3 to 4 years
  • Size: Leg span about 5 inches
Antilles pinktoe tarantula

12. Antilles Pinktoe Tarantula

(Caribena versicolor) The Antilles pinktoe tarantula is native to parts of the Lesser Antilles islands. It can be found on the island of Martinique. This arboreal species is known for its blue-green carapace and pink toes. It prefers to live in trees and shrubs.

  • Lifespan: Females up to 12 years, Males less
  • Size: Leg span about 5 inches
Vietnamese Blue Earth Tiger

Image credit: Roy Bateman – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0

13. Vietnamese Blue Earth Tiger

(Chilobrachys dyscolus) This species from Vietnam is known for its blue legs. It’s a burrowing spider, often found in forested areas. This spider exhibits a defensive and somewhat nervous demeanor. Initially, it will attempt to escape when threatened, but if continuously provoked, it may resort to biting as a means of protection.

  • Lifespan: Not well documented
  • size: Not well documented

14. Red-Headed Mouse Spider

(Missulena occatoria) Native to Australia, They display a striking coloration with bright red heads and jaws, while their abdomen ranges from a gunmetal blue to black. These spiders construct a burrow that can reach a depth of up to 21.65 inches, featuring two trapdoors for entry and exit.

  • Lifespan: Not well documented
  • Size: Females, are typically about 1.38 inches in length, while males are smaller, around 0.59 inches long
Theraphosa apophysis

Image credit: https://arachnoiden.com/ | L.R. Tarantulas and more

15. Blue Tarantula

(Theraphosa apophysis) Found in South America, particularly in Venezuela, this large tarantula has a blue tinge. It’s a ground-dwelling species, often found in rainforest regions.

  • Lifespan: Females 10 to 14 years, Males less
  • Size: Leg span about 4 inches long
Metallic Blue Jumper Spider

16. Metallic Blue Jumper Spider

Image credit: Victor Koo – http://yesterday.sg/hobbies-and-toys/fighting_spiders/, CC BY-SA 3.0

(Thiania bhamoensis) A small species found from Burma to Sumatra, known for its vibrant metallic blue stripes. It’s an agile hunter, known as a “fighting spider,” often found in gardens and forests.

  • Lifespan: About 1-2 years
  • Size: Body length up to 0.2 inches
Black-Spotted Peacock Spider

Image credit: Graham Wise from Brisbane, Australia – Maratus nigromaculatus, CC BY 2.0

17. Black-Spotted Peacock Spider

(Maratus nigromaculatus) Found in Australia, the abdomen of the Black-spotted Peacock Spider predominantly showcases a bright blue hue with a subtle metallic sheen. Adorning its radiant blue abdomen are six black spots, neatly aligned in two rows of three. These spots, more prominent near the carapace, add a striking contrast to its overall coloration.

  • Lifespan: About 1-2 years
  • Size: Body length up to 0.197 inches
Sea-Green-Northern-Jumper

18. Sea-Green Northern Jumper

(Cosmophasis thalassina) Native from Malaysia to Australia, The spider’s metallic sheen is the result of a complex interplay between a first-order diffraction grating and an underlying broadband multilayer reflector.

  • Lifespan: About 1-2 years
  • size: Body length up to 0.23 inches
Elegant Golden Jumping Spider

Image credit: © 2010 Jee & Rani Nature Photography (License: CC BY-SA 4.0), CC BY-SA 4.0

19. Elegant Golden Jumping Spider

(Chrysilla lauta) Found from Burma to China and Vietnam, Its carapace is a vibrant orange-red, adorned with a slim, bluish-white, iridescent stripe that runs transversely between the eyes.

  • Lifespan: About 1-2 years
  • Size: Body length up to 0.3 inches

The next sections will delve deeper into the habitats, behaviors, and conservation efforts surrounding these enigmatic blue spiders. Stay tuned as we unravel more secrets of these fascinating arachnids.

Blue Spiders in the Wild and as Pets

The natural habitats of blue spiders are as diverse as their appearances. These habitats range from the dense rainforests of Southeast Asia, home to the Cobalt Blue Tarantula, to the arid regions of South America, where the Greenbottle Blue Tarantula thrives.

The conservation of these habitats is crucial, as it impacts not only the spiders but also the myriad of other species that share their environment. The destruction of these habitats due to human activities poses a significant threat to their survival, making conservation efforts more critical than ever.

Blue Spiders as Exotic Pets

The fascination with blue spiders has significantly increased their demand in the exotic pet trade. To ensure their well-being, it’s crucial to understand and maintain the appropriate humidity, temperature, and diet tailored to their specific needs. Caring for these captivating arachnids demands not only knowledge but also a deep commitment.

Additionally, ethical considerations are paramount. Prospective pet owners must weigh the potential effects on wild populations and embrace the responsibility of providing lifelong care to these unique creatures, ensuring their health and welfare are prioritized.

Blue Baboon Tarantula

Understanding Blue Spider Biology

The blue coloration in spiders is a fascinating aspect of their biology. Unlike many animals, where color is due to pigmentation, the blue in spiders is often a result of structural coloration. This means that the color is created by the microscopic structure of their hairs or exoskeleton, which reflects light in a specific way. This structural coloration is not just a visual marvel but also plays roles in communication, mating, and camouflage.

Behavior and Adaptations

Blue spiders exhibit a range of unique behaviors and adaptations that allow them to thrive in their respective environments. For instance, the Cobalt Blue Tarantula’s reclusive nature and burrowing habits are adaptations to its rainforest habitat, providing protection from predators and extreme weather.

On the other hand, the Greenbottle Blue Tarantula’s webbing skills are an adaptation to its desert environment, aiding in hunting and shelter. Understanding these behaviors and adaptations is key to appreciating the complexity and resilience of these remarkable creatures.

In the following sections, we will delve into the conservation status of blue spiders and the global efforts to protect them. Stay tuned as we explore the challenges and triumphs in the journey to conserve these magnificent creatures.

Conservation and Threats

The conservation status of blue spider species is a growing concern among environmentalists and arachnologists. For instance, the Peacock Tarantula is listed as an endangered species. This status is a stark reminder of the vulnerability of these magnificent creatures.

The loss of even a single species like the Peacock Tarantula can have unforeseen ripple effects on the ecological balance. It’s imperative to understand that each blue spider species plays a unique role in its ecosystem, and their conservation is crucial for maintaining biodiversity.

Threats and Protection Efforts

The primary threat to blue spider populations is habitat destruction, often driven by human activities such as deforestation, urbanization, and agriculture. This loss of habitat not only deprives them of their homes but also of their hunting grounds, leading to a decline in population numbers.

In response, conservation efforts are being ramped up. These include habitat preservation, legal protection, and breeding programs. Additionally, educating the public about the importance of these species and promoting responsible pet trade practices are vital steps towards their conservation.

greenbottle blue spider

Conclusion

Blue spiders, with their striking beauty and unique biological features, are an integral part of our planet’s biodiversity. Their presence enriches our ecosystems and provides invaluable insights into the workings of nature. However, their existence is threatened, and it is our responsibility to protect them.

Continued research and conservation efforts are essential for ensuring that these remarkable creatures continue to thrive. By understanding and valuing their role in the natural world, we can work towards a future where blue spiders and all wildlife are preserved for generations to come.

FAQs

Are Blue Spiders Poisonous?

While all spiders have venom to subdue their prey, most blue spiders are not dangerous to humans. Their venom is primarily effective against their small insect prey. However, some species, like the Cobalt Blue Tarantula, can deliver a painful bite if provoked.

How Rare are Blue Spiders?

Blue spiders are relatively rare in the spider world. Their unique coloration is a result of specific genetic and environmental factors, making them less common than other color variations in spiders.

What are the Names of Blue Spiders?

Some well-known blue spiders include the Cobalt Blue Tarantula (Cyriopagopus lividus), Greenbottle Blue Tarantula (Chromatopelma cyaneopubescens), Brazilian Blue Tarantula (Pterinopelma sazimai), Peacock Tarantula (Poecilotheria metallica), and the Gooty Sapphire Ornamental Tree Spider (Poecilotheria Metallica).

Do Cobalt Blue Tarantulas Bite?

Yes, Cobalt Blue Tarantulas can bite. They are known for their defensive nature and may bite if they feel threatened. Their bites can be painful due to their large fangs, and while not generally dangerous to humans, they can cause discomfort and swelling.

Can Blue Spiders Change Color?

Most blue spiders do not change color. Their blue coloration is typically a result of structural coloration, which is determined by the microscopic structure of their hairs or exoskeleton. However, some species may appear differently colored under various lighting conditions or as they mature from juveniles to adults.

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